Monday, May 25, 2020
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Speech: Animal Testing Introduction: Rows of rabbits wait in cages, their heads tightly clamped in stocks to prevent movement. The lower lids of the rabbitsÃ¢â¬â¢ eyes are pulled back. Technicians drip nail polish remover, mascara, shampoo, and astringent into their eyes, where the chemicals stay for three to 21 days. The chemicals burn and often blind the animals. RabbitsÃ¢â¬â¢ sensitive corneas make excellent subjects for this procedureÃ¢â¬âcalled the Draize testÃ¢â¬âbecause they cannot cry to wash away the toxic chemicals. They have no tear ducts. First I will introduce the amounts of animals that are being used in these tests and those tests that they are being used for. Second I will describe what these tests are used to figure out andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However estimates range from 2 to 20 million of those animals are not being killed to save lives, they are being killed in order to provide vain women with cosmetics. The tests that these animals are being used in range in cruelty. The two that are the cruelest and are the mostly widely used are the Draize and the LD50 tests. The Draize test, developed in 1944, involves dropping potentially irritating substances into the eyes of rabbits, whose inferior tear ducts do not allow them to cry the substances away. The Food and Drug Administration supports this test. Susan Rick, director of the Ã¢â¬Å"compassion programÃ¢â¬ at People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), a Washington, D.C. based animal rights organization. Points out the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"its their testÃ¢â¬ pointing out that the doctor that developed the test worked for the FDA. Its not surprising then that according to FDA guidelines, new drugs must be determined safe as well as effective. While the FDA has no authority to require animal tests per se, it does require the most accurate tests available. And right now, the FDA believes that means animals. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right they have no authority, because there is NO law that requires companies to test their personal care and household products on animals before selling them to consumers. The second, and possibly even crueler than the Draize test is the LD50 test. LD50 stands forShow MoreRelatedThe Minute Speech Against Animal Testing1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages4 Minute Speech against animal testing We should stop the use of animals for research and testing purposes. Animal research/testing refers to the use of non-human animals for testing or experimenting on. The use of animals for testing is used in the fields of: Biomedical research, security, evaluation, and education of a product. Every year animals are subject to experiments so painful and damaging that no one would ever do them on humans. Deciding whether or not to do animal testing is a toughRead MoreInformative Speech : Product Testing On Animals785 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTYPE OF SPEECH: Persuasive Speech Topic: Product testing on animals Purpose Statement: Keep from testing cosmetics on animals. Thesis Statement: Animals are forced to try products. From forced eating to wearing l oreal makeup. Organizational Pattern: Problem- Solution --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Introduction Attention Getter (Capture): Have you ever wished for a rabbit or a guinea pig? Motivate: Most of theRead More Animal Testing (speech Outline) Essay989 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Specific Purpose Ã¢â¬â To persuade my audience that animal testing is wrong and how other safer alternatives should be taken. Central Idea Ã¢â¬â By going the extra mile in using safer alternatives when experimenting with animals will not only prevent conflicts from pro-life activists, it will minimize lawsuits and morals will be preserved. Introduction I.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Okay I got a riddle I made up for the class. A.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;What was once cute and furry but becomes aRead MoreAnimal Testing. Persuasive Speech Outline Essay1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesZoee Gaige-Wilson Persuasive Speech Outline I. Introduction Animals can be ferocious and wild, but they can also be gentle and tame. Some are our pets, and some are powerful forces that are to be respected and admired. It is as easy to appreciate a loyal dog as it is to be in awe of a lion in its natural habitat. But the truth that many people either donÃ¢â¬â¢t know or donÃ¢â¬â¢t appreciate is that animals are essential to human existence and have played a vital role in improving the quality of ourRead MorePersuasive Speech Against Animal Testing Essay1992 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTopic: Animal Testing Purpose: To persuade my audience that animal testing is wrong and unethical Relevance: animals are people too and no one wants an animal to suffer for the wrong reasons Intro Imagene being taken to a place where you are locked up, with barely any room for movement, in a small cage. You are taken every once in a while to get your hair shaved off, and things rubbed into your skin that could potentially make your hair never grow back, or it burns you and makesRead MoreAnimal Testing Speech Outline965 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnimal Testing Introduction Attention-getter: Visualize yourself somewhere locked and isolated, whether it is a closet, a cage, or a box. Now visualize yourself being constantly controlled, not being able to choose when to eat, when to drink, or even when to sleep. Thesis: Animal testing is a heavy topic that usually goes unnoticed. To many scientists, animal testing is beneficial and to society it is morally wrong. Credibility: After doing our extensive research, we are knowledgeable about animalRead MoreAnimal Testing (Speech Outline)1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesbSpecific Purpose/b Ãâ" To persuade my audience that animal testing is wrong and how other safer alternatives should be taken. br brbCentral Idea/b Ãâ" By going the extra mile in using safer alternatives when experimenting with animals will not only prevent conflicts from pro-life activists, it will minimize lawsuits and morals will be preserved. br brbIntroduction/b brI. Okay I got a riddle I made up for the class. brA. What was once cute and furry but becomes a bloody rottedRead MoreWhy Animal Testing Is Bad1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnimal testing, also known as animal research or experimentation refers to the use of non-human animals to conduct experiments which seek to control certain variables that have the potential to impact the biological systems or behaviors under study. The most commonly used animals are usually mice, cats , rats, dogs and primates. More than 20 million animals are usually subjected to food, drugs, chemical and cosmetic testing each year in the United States alone (Sharma et al, p.1). These animals usuallyRead More Horrors of Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation Essay1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Horrors of Animal Testing Ã The torture and murder of millions of animals annually has been occurring for centuries now. Every year we ignore it, and every year the numbers grow. The act of vivisection or the practice of experimenting on animals began because of religious prohibitions against dissection of human corpses. After religious leaders lifted these prohibitions, it was too late. Vivisection had become a major part of medical and educational research. As well as major part of productRead MoreEssay on Animal Testing Ethics646 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAnimal Testing Ethics Is animal testing right or wrong? No one has really answered that so far. Everyone has their own opinion about it. I personally think that if we are not abusing the testing it should be allowed. I dont think it is necessary to test animals for every little thing that goes on the market but sure why not when it relates to a life or death thing like cancer. How else would we make sure the medications wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t kill us? Safety tests are conducted
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The child I am doing for my child study paper is a four year old male. He is my dadÃ¢â¬â¢s girlfriendÃ¢â¬â¢s son, who I am able to see interact and socialize at home when I am around. He goes to preschool three days out of the week and has been going for about five months. His background of preschool is fairly new, but he has a few cousins his age he interacted with before school was in his daily schedule. His family consists of him, his mother, my father and a older brother who is seven years older than him. His parents have been divorced for about a year and a half. His personality allows him to be very easy going, like a go with the flow outlook. He is not a high maintenance child, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like being the center of attention, but he enjoys playing with the other children. He seems oblivious to the surrounding noises, and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get easily distracted and was a pleasure to observe viewing him from a teacher perspective rather than as his Ã¢â¬Å"sisterÃ¢â¬ . Hi s interaction with adults is proficient for his age he has a wide vocabulary and his able to identify words when they are said in a sentence. His peer interaction as well is proficient, at school the teachers say that he is great at holding conversations with teachers and his peers about any subject that is brought to his attention. His physical and motor development skills were emerging for his age level. The activities he did such as coloring and playing with cars and trains seemed to really be an interest of his. He knew differentShow MoreRelatedPersonal Statement905 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespart of the journey translates into me eventually owning and operating a school that will cater for the whole child, with each grade level being equipped with a special education facilitator. As a teacher it has always been my belief that each child CAN and MUST be given a fair chance to learn in spite of any and every challenge- against this background my desire to do the doctoral study with emphasis in special education became second nature. Special education is still a very untapped field inRead MoreA Research Study On Savior Siblings : Children Who Are Conceived Through Selective Assisted Reproduction1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages For my research paper I am going to write about savior siblings. Savior siblings are children who are conceived through selective assisted reproduction as a potential source of organs or cells for an existing older sibling who has a serious medical condition. I was first interested in this topic when I watched the movie My SisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Keeper. My SisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Keeper is about a 10Ã¢â¬âyear-old girl who decides to sue her parents after forcing her to donate her kidney to her sister who is dying of leukemia. MyRead MoreIntervention : Overview On The Classroom1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstudent to follow. With this the teacher and I will start to award treats for behaving in the class-room. Example of this is a piece of candy or a sticker. Other things that I will start trying tin the class room is to focus more on good behavior and not on the negative behavior that we see in the classroom. Instead of continuously saying what they are doing is wrong we trying to see what the student are doing right to encourage them to continue doing the correct things. Other thing that will startRead MoreMy Future As A Teacher867 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn this paper I will be discussing how I will plan my future as a teacher, taking into consideration what and how I need to get there. It is important that I think about the steps I need to follow and the things that may be useful in the process of becoming a successful professional. Furthermore I will include my work experience and what I have learnt from shadowing my professional in an early years setting. Qualifications. The department for Education states that getting basic qualificationsRead MoreMy Past And My Future1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages I am going to be writing about my past, now and my future. About my life and why am I here and what am I doing right now. Everybody has a different story about their life like their difficulties of their life and happiness of their life. And also the personality are not same. So now I am going to talk about my life, first start with my personality. I was born in Japan and I am shy person. And that is my distress. And I think that I should be more active and more positive. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean thatRead MoreChildren s Gender Development And Family Studies Professional991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor the first reflection paper assignment, the Ã¢â¬Å"How Would YouÃ¢â¬ ¦?Ã¢â¬ question located on page 168 presents the question that is discussed in this paper. This particular question states, Ã¢â¬Å"As a human development and family studies professional, how would you describe the ways in which parents influence their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s notions of gender roles?Ã¢â¬ (Santrock, 2015, p. 168). Parents play a major role in their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s gender development. Fathers and mothers are also Ã¢â¬Å"psychologically important to their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreDepression And Its Effects On Depression1316 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvulnerable and may not know how to cope with situations or circumstances that may lead us into depression. F actors such as going through puberty and issues at home with parents can all cause depression. This paper will talk about what is depression, how families can affect depression in the child, and how depression can lead to long term effects. Ã¢â¬Æ' What is depression? Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. It does not only affect your mind but your entire body as well. Depression canRead MoreAfter Diagnosis, Parental Action, And Acceptance By The927 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesparental action, and acceptance by the child, treatment can begin.one get treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most efficient treatment for OCD. Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches a child different way to behave. There is scientific evidence that this form of therapy causes chemical reactions in the brain. A person who uses this therapy will undergo chemical changes in the brain and feel relief from their symptoms of OCD (Schwartz 1996). A child with OCD needs to understand that theyRead MoreMy Life Of My Family988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI would be the first out of my family to graduate college and I was the first to graduate high school out of 3 generations. My father was a Marine for 10 years, he choose a different path instead of g oing to college or finishing high school. He joined the war overseas to serve his country and I am proud of him. He always told me to never join any branch because he saw a future for me that he wanted me to invest in an education and better myself in everything I do. My brothers and sister choose horribleRead More Stress within Women Essay1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages My term paper is on the topic of stress. Not just normal stress but I am focusing on stress with in women, young and old. For this term paper I am using three articles that are studies from professional psychologist on how stress with other conditions affects the womens health and emotions of women. My last article is an interview form of six women with significant stress which induced health issues and they fought back, and developed their own arsenal of stress-busting habits. I will summaries
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Privacy in the 21st century will affect every human beings life as we know it in the future. Is privacy in the 21st century possible? No. Whether we are talking about issues like video surveillance detecting our every move or computer hackers stealing identities, privacy is dead as we know it. The only way to bring more privacy back is if we all come together and demand the privacy we deserve. Making correct decisions at home, work, and church, about who we vote for and the groups of people we support, will greatly impact our world around us and the freedoms we strive to keep for our children and generations to come. Three areas of concern for many people are having a government with too much information and too much control, having less and less privacy as the years go by, and how some religions are responding to certain privacy issues that some say are talked about in the bible. These three topics or issues are some of the most controversial areas of concern and is also growing at an exponential rate. When studying the fourth amendment and what our forefathers were trying to preserve and protect, we realize that we have been given the right to be free of unreasonable searches and seizures, and that is why we need to make sound educated decisions when trying to correct the negative problems in our world. Rights and freedoms do not need to be sacrificed. Having many wonderful rights and freedoms is one of the main reasons this country has become such an inventive and successful country, like the world has never seen before. As we venture into the 21st century, our freedoms and the way we are supposed to live and act, has changed dramatically. It seems that every time we turn around we have less privacy and government has more control. When it comes to our rights and freedoms, the governments ability to make us feel safer and more secure has made us except policies and procedures that normally would not even been thought about in the past. Not all the spy technology that humans create is going to cause harm though. Biometrics is a technology that applies a persons unique physical traits to a sophisticated electronic device or system to confirm identity. This kind of technology has its upsides and downsides. Facial recognition is one aspect or system of biometrics. Facial recognition biometric systems are everywhere today. We can find them in many places throughout large cities. Places like transit vehicles, city streets, casinos, banks, hospitals, and many other common places people are found have facial recognition technology. The upside to having this type of technology is that it would be a good crime deterrent. Crime is probably the number one reason having this type of technology would be a huge benefit. Law enforcement departments would be able to sometimes prevent crimes before they happen and definitely have concrete evidence if the crime is not stopped beforehand. Recently, after the Boston Marathon bomb exploded, the different law enforcement agencies used the cities video surveillance technologies to track down and find the criminals. Finding the bombers before they were able to do more damage would probably not have been possible without video surveillance. The downside to this technology is the assumption that people are secretly being videotaped. According to a study by the New York Civil Liberties Union, people in Manhattan are being secretly videotaped on public streets, outside buildings, and even in their backyard, by hidden surveillance cameras. Most hidden surveillance cameras are secured to rooftops, lampposts, and building entrances, but almost four hundred rotating cameras are hidden in light bulbs that look like street lights stated Dority (2001). People that are constantly in fear of crime will sometimes sacrifice freedoms to insure their family safety and security of the world around them. This could be the reason why so many are flocking to the idea of having security with video surveillance and other surveillance technologies without thinking about the consequences of what freedoms and rights might be given up. Video surveillance and other surveillance technologies are everywhere. We can find them at A. T. M.Ã machines, convenience stores, parking garages, corporate offices, hotels, storage facilities, amusement parks, supermarkets, and do not forget about all the webcams all over the world, stated Soat (2005). The political and commercial applications of invasive surveillance technologies, together with gathering large quantities of data made possible by the Internet and high-speed computers, have brought frightening scenarios uncomfortably close to the realm of possibility, according to Jasper (2003). When governmentÃ knows everything we say and do, including passport information, drivers license information, etc, then what is to stop nefarious people from trying to carry out their own agendas? The right and the left wing people in this country will sometimes do anything to accomplish their goals, including attempting to use any type of technology at their disposal. These types of technology could be used on people that are behind on their taxes, having traffic violations, or people who just own gold and silver. In the past gold has been rounded up and confiscated said Jasper (2003). Tyrannical governments have been around since the beginning of time. Why would we not at least have some officials in our own government that have tyrannical tendencies and will do everything in their power to capitalize on new invasive technologies that will further their cause or propose? Talking to many people and researching the ways and means of some tyrannical governments in this world, one could only imagine what certain human beings will do for more money and power. The more privacy we give up empowers some government officials to use the system no matter how invasive on we the people to acquire their own agenda. Our forefathers fought very hard to protect the rights and freedoms that we are losing more and more of everyday. When too much money, power, and control is given to so few individuals, it seems they become corrupt. The old saying Absolute power corrupts absolutely. The bigger that our government becomes our freedoms disappear and we are told how to live by someone else. There have always been, and there always will be people that have evil tendencies and motives. If they are able to create this type of power, they will use it for selfish and evil deeds. Clark (2009) stated when large corporations and governments get together they become an entity that believes their way is the only way. When we look at the history of privacy and the human race, it has only been in the last forty to sixty years that we have had to really protect our privacy rights as governments work with large corporations to gain more control over us. Even before the digital revolution, the ability of individuals to maintain control over the improper discovery, dissemination, or misuse of their identity was threatened by the potential for governments to wiretap telephone lines or impose overly broad restrictions or burdens on speech for businesses to misuse customer data and for thieves to steal personal information said Jasper (2003). Privacy today is definitely a more pressing issue than ever before. If we as people ever needed to think about and make the correct decisions, now is the time. If there was ever a time in the history of the world to protect ourselves from the hand of Big Brother, and all of the devious ways it is coming up with to grow bigger and control everything it can touch, now is the time. One issue that stands out when it comes to privacy is religious beliefs. Religious Beliefs and Privacy when it comes to implanting human computer chips has very much intensified in recent decades. Not only has putting computer chips into animals been a hot topic, computer chipping everything from humans to the products we buy is also an issue many are concerned about. According to Katherine Albrecht (2005), when it comes to implanting computer chips into humans, some very powerful people are pushing for this very technology. This issue is gaining momentum in the religious communities because of its resemblance to the Mark of the Beast in the bible. Ever since the introduction of the implantable computer chip, the issue has been gaining momentum in religious circles because many are worried about going to money less economic systems that can only be accessed by a implantable computer chip. There is quite a bit of evil that is involved with this topic in the bible. Bamford (2002) stated that when there is such a large religious base, and one looks at how passionate people can become over different issues, it is easy to see that these kinds of decisions need to be well thought out to prevent riots and wars. Just about every person in America has some kind of data file on them by one or more of the big private companies, let alone the databases compiled by the Government. When we lose privacy we are told it is for our own good, or our own protection, or to make our lives better. But is it worth it? With companies like Google reading all the contents that travel through their computers then, handing all of the information over to the government, what are we supposed to do? Technology is like a gun. A gun is neither good nor evil. It is who is using the technology, or gun, and what their intentions are for using it. If people do not stand up for their rights, big government will take more and more freedoms and rights away. Since the beginning of time governments have become large and then they destroy the country from within before anyone realizes what has happened. Technology is clashing with privacy. We need to figure out how to have the benefits of technology while keeping the privacy we need and deserve. There needs to be a happy medium. Could you imagine the freedoms we would lose if we had to obey a one world government? Most other leaders from other countries do not believe the average person deserves the rights and privacy that we as Americans have. Our forefathers understood that if you give the government unchecked powers, you were inviting abuse of power and tyranny. Whether we are talking about the decisions we make today affecting or our world in the future, when it comes to privacy issues, it is safe to say that looking out for our own privacy is just going to be normal. Life as we know it can change in a heartbeat if we as human beings cannot make the right decisions to impact our world in a positive way.
Thursday, April 9, 2020
The Problem with Horror Movies Essay In a world where the entertainment industry is at an all-time high with television and film mediums, with programs being demanded at such a high rate people have to rapidly make movies regularly. In the genre of Horror, industries nowadays only make a handful amount of good movies per year, while the rest of them in the majority of all of them turn out to be commercial failures, as well as unimaginative films in overall. For a genre where it is widely varied in film with so many sub-genres within itself, there should, at least, be more than just a handful of movies each year that are actually original and imaginative. However, with studio interference into films and lack of pure creativity allowed in films, horror movies today are only meant to make a quick buck for the studio that funds them, since people today will see any horror movie that is pretty much in theater, and simple films will be cheaper to make. People today dont come to grasp with what the genre is supposed to do to the audience. Many believe that all you need is just jump scares, and cliched situations with movies and that would make a perfect horror film, but when these types of films come out, people immediately hate them. The biggest part about this is that this issue isnt just with all American-made horror films, but that it is a rampant occurrence throughout many different foreign films as well. As stated in the film journal Euro Horror: Classic European Horror Cinema in Contemporary American Culture, From a present-day perspective, Euro horror is woefully dated. Beholden to the exploitation film market, its makers aggressively exploited once-popular narrative themes and filmmaking techniques in an attempt to increase its appeal at the box office. Horror movies arent just supposed to scare someone for a brief second, or try and attempt fake-out scares the whole movie; they are meant to frighten and terrify the viewer to the point where the movie sticks with We will write a custom essay sample on The Problem with Horror Movies specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Problem with Horror Movies specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Problem with Horror Movies specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Anzick Clovis Burial Site in Montana The Anzick site is a human burial which occurred approximately 13,000 years ago, part of the late Clovis culture, Paleoindian hunter-gatherers who were among the earliest colonizers of the western hemisphere. The burial in Montana was of a two-year-old boy, buried beneath an entire Clovis period stone tool kit, from rough cores to finished projectile points. DNA analysis of a fragment of the boys bones revealed that he was closely related to Native American people of Central and South America, rather than those of the Canadian and Arctic, supporting the multiple waves theory of colonization. Evidence and Background The Anzick site, sometimes called the Wilsall-Arthur site and designated as Smithsonian 24PA506, is a human burial site dated to the Clovis period, ~10,680 RCYBP. Anzick is located in a sandstone outcrop on Flathead Creek, approximately one mile (1.6 kilometers) south of the town of Wilsall in southwestern Montana in the northwestern United States. Buried deep beneath a talus deposit, the site was likely part of an ancient collapsed rock shelter. Overlying deposits contained a profusion of bison bones, possibly representing a buffalo jump, where animals were stampeded off a cliff and then butchered. The Anzick burial was discovered in 1969 by two construction workers, who collected human remains from two individuals and approximately 90 stone tools, including eight complete fluted Clovis projectile points, 70 large bifaces and at least six complete and partial atlatl foreshafts made from mammal bones. The finders reported that all of the objects were coated in a thick layer of red ocher, a common burial practice for Clovis and other Pleistocene hunter-gatherers. DNA Studies In 2014, a DNA study of the human remains from Anzick was reported in Nature (see Rasmussen et al.). Bone fragments from the Clovis period burial were subjected to DNA analysis, and the results found that the Anzick child was a boy, and he (and thus Clovis people in general) is closely related to Native American groups from Central and South America, but not to later migrations of Canadian and Arctic groups. Archaeologists have long argued that the Americas were colonized in several waves of populations crossing the Bering Strait from Asia, the most recent being that of the Arctic and Canadian groups; this study supports that. The research (to an extent) contradicts the Solutrean hypothesis, a suggestion that Clovis derives from Upper Paleolithic European migrations into the Americas. No connection to European Upper Paleolithic genetics was identified within the Anzick childs remains, and so the research lends strong support for the Asian origin of the American colonization. One remarkable aspect of the 2014 Anzick study is the direct participation and support of several local Native American tribes in the research, a purposeful choice made by lead researcher Eske Willerslev, and a marked difference in approach and results from the Kennewick Man studies of nearly 20 years ago. Features at Anzick Excavations and interviews with the original finders in 1999 revealed that the bifaces and projectile points had been stacked tightly within a small pit measuring 3x3 feet (.9x.9 meters)Ã and buried between about 8 ft (2.4 m) of the talus slope. Beneath the stone tools was the burial of an infant aged 1-2 years of age and represented by 28 cranial fragments, the left clavicle and three ribs, all stained with red ochre. The human remains were dated by AMS radiocarbon dating to 10,800 RCYBP, calibrated to 12,894 calendar years ago (cal BP). A second set of human remains, consisting of the bleached, partial cranium of aÃ 6-8-year-old child, were also found by the original discoverers: this cranium among all the other objects was not stained by red ochre. Radiocarbon dates on this cranium revealed that the older child was from the American Archaic, 8600 RCYBP, and scholars believe it was from an intrusive burial unrelated to the Clovis burial. Two complete and several partial bone implements made from the long bones of an unidentified mammal were recovered from Anzick, representing between four and six complete tools. The tools have similar maximum widths (15.5-20 millimeters, .6-.8 inches) and thicknesses (11.1-14.6 mm, .4-.6 in), and each has a beveled end within the range of 9-18 degrees. The two measurable lengths are 227 and 280 mm (9.9 and 11 in). The beveled ends are cross-hatched and smeared with a black resin, perhaps a hafting agent or glue, a typical decorative/construction method for bone tools used as atlatl or spear foreshafts. Lithic Technology The assemblage of stone tools recovered from the Anzick (Wilke et al) by the original finders and the subsequent excavations included ~112 (sources vary) stone tools, including large bifacial flake cores, smaller bifaces, Clovis point blanks and preforms, and polished and beveled cylindrical bone tools. The collection at Anzick includes all reduction stages of Clovis technology, from large cores of prepared stone tools to finished Clovis points, making Anzick unique. The assemblage represents a diverse collection of high quality, (probably un-heat-treated) microcrystalline chert used to make the tools, predominantly chalcedony (66%), but lesser amounts of moss agate (32%), phosporia chert and porcellanite. The largest point in the collection is 15.3 centimeters (6 inches) long and some of the preforms measure between 20-22 cm (7.8-8.6 in), quite long for Clovis points, although most are more typically sized. The majority of stone tools fragments exhibit use wear, abrasions or edge damage which must have occurred during use, suggesting this was definitely a working toolkit, and not simply artifacts made for the burial. See Jones for detailed lithic analysis. Archaeology Anzick was accidentally discovered by construction workers in 1968Ã and professionally excavated by Dee C. Taylor (then at the University of Montana) in 1968, and in 1971 by Larry Lahren (Montana State) and Robson Bonnichsen (University of Alberta), and by Lahren again in 1999. Sources Beck C, and Jones GT. 2010. Clovis and Western Stemmed: Population Migration and the Meeting of Two Technologies in the Intermountain West. American Antiquity 75(1):81-116.Jones JS. 1996. The Anzick Site: Analysis of a Clovis Burial Assemblage. Corvallis: Oregon State University.Owsley DW, and Hunt DR. 2001. Clovis and Early Archaic Period Crania from the Anzick Site (24PA506), Park County, Montana. Plains Anthropologist 46(176):115-124.Rasmussen M, Anzick SL, Waters MR, Skoglund P, DeGiorgio M, Stafford Jr TW, Rasmussen S, Moltke I, Albrechtsen A, Doyle SM et al. 2014. The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana. Nature 506:225-229.Stafford TWJ. 1994. Accelerator C-14 dating of human fossil skeletons: Assessing accuracy and results on New World specimens. In: Bonnichsen R, and Steele DG, editors. Method and Theory for Investigating the Peopling of the Americas. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University. p 45-55.Wilke PJ, Flenniken JJ, and Ozb un TL. 1991. Clovis Technology at the Anzick Site, Montana. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 13(2):242-272.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
LOVE & MARRIAGE - Movie Review Example However, for our families the banquet was more important than the marriage certificate because this is our culture and however hard we try, we cannot shun these ideals or cause our families to change their viewpoint. 2) The movie, Our Family Wedding, centers on the marriage of Marcus, an African American man and Lucia, a Hispanic (Spanish) woman. In the course of planning a wedding ceremony, the families of both Marcus and Lucia have to deal with the liberal outlook of their children. The young couple, in turn, finds the cultural implications imposed on them, extremely arduous to follow. They finally reach a middle ground and the couple calls it "Our marriage, their wedding". Elaborate the significance of this statement. Further, they end up tying the knot in a ceremony modeled on ancient Mexican traditions, but the Catholic Church as a conventional venue is left out. Do you think that by doing this, an absolute convergence of Ancient traditions and popular culture is achieved, or the aesthetics of both the cultures is lost in transition? 3) In Lori Tsangs Postcards from Home, the writer is an American Chinese, residing in America. She talks about her Aunt Bessie, who left them and lives in China, and married a man who was not of the same village as hers. The writer mentions, "I think Aunt Bessies decision to go back to China was the major point of contention between her and my father. After the Liberation, Aunt Bessie decided to go back to help build the new China. She told me she married Uncle Ken because she knew he also wanted to use the education he got in the States to serve his country. But she never dreamed she would be separated from the New York side of the family. Aunt Bessie lived in China as a Chinese and the part of her that had learned to be American was out of place there." (Tsang 203) In your view, do you think that if Aunt Bessie knew beforehand that she would be alienated from her family and